F1F1 is the pinnacle of open wheel, single seater car racing and arguably the highest level of any motorsport globally.... There's more... cars no longer have engines as such, they run a hybridThe current Formula 1 regulations require the cars to be hybrids. Instead of conventional hybrid systems, with an electric motor,... There's more... power unit (PU) that delivers in the order of 1000 bhpHorsepower is measured using a simple dynamometer, while bhp uses a brake-type dynamometer. A dynamometer is a mechanical brake that... There's more... (Break horsepower) and with an ability to reach 360kph.
The petrol component is a four-stroke 1.6-litre turbo V6 that revs at 15,000 rpmRevs Per Minute, or RPM, refers to the number of revolutions the engine performs per minute. A normal road car... There's more... and uses 87 Octane fuelIn 2022 F1 cars run on 87 octane fuel which is 10% ethanol As part of their green strategy, Formula... There's more....
The hybrid components generate power from the exhaust and braking and store it in a batteryThe Battery (ESS or Energy Storage System) is a key part of the modern hybrid PU in today's F1 cars.... There's more... for use when needed. The key components are referred to as the MGU-HThe MGU-H (Heat) uses excess exhaust gases from the engine to feed power to the energy store, which is then... There's more... (Heat recovery) and MGU-KThe MGU-K (Kinetic) harvests energy from the decelerating wheels back to the energy store for later use. The power created... There's more... (Energy Recovery Unit or ERSThe Energy Recovery System has been designed to harvest energy and charge the car's onboard battery for deployment when the... There's more...).
Power Units cost in excess of $10,000,000.00 each and are not included in the cost capThe cost cap, or budget cap, is the amount of money a team can spend on the car's performance in... There's more.... However, the number allowed each season is limited.
For a more detailed explanation, have a look at the article by motorsport.com – here